Here is Sihlobo…
Drought and biosecurity, specifically foot-and-mouth disease and African swine fever, largely caused the underperformance of South Africa’s agricultural sector in 2019. This was through lower agricultural output because of drought, and subdued trade activity because of a ban on the exports of animal products following the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease. The areas currently experiencing drought are mainly the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, North West, Limpopo and parts of the Free State. Another important factor is that even for those areas that currently have sufficient soil moisture, the rain arrived later than normal. He says this meant that summer crop plantings were also delayed across the country. Fortunately, plantings have now been completed in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal. The feedback from various farmers in these regions suggests that the intended area for summer crops was successfully planted.
In the Free State, North West and the Eastern Cape, maize and sunflower seed plantings were still underway in the week of January 10, this year, with about 80% of the intended area for maize that had been planted for the aforementioned areas, and 90% for the country overall. Sunflower seed is at just over 50% of the intended area.
He says the foot-and-mouth disease outbreak, which was reported at the end of 2019 for the second time last year, remains a key challenge in the country and the effects of it are the ban of exports of animal products. The South African government and private sector participants will, however, be engaging in the coming weeks to find a workable solution to this challenge. At this point, the government has placed a ban on auctions in the country as a way to limit livestock movement.